How Demagogues Spawn Systems of Oppression & Violence
PREJUDICE + POWER = OPPRESSION
(Prejudiced Beliefs + Discriminatory Acts + Power Structure Dominance = Societal Systems of Oppression)
A Formula to Help Unravel the Dynamics & Intersectionality of
Prejudice | Privilege | Supremacism | Bigotry | Denigration | Discrimination | Power | Oppression
Dualism | Scapegoating | Demonization | Conspiracism | Dehumanization | Demagoguery
Aggression | Apocalyptic Aggression | Segregation | Ethnoviolence | Slavery | Expulsion | Genocide
This website is being developed by Chip Berlet to spark a discussion on how current social science research can better assist human rights work built around race, gender, class analyses. Please note that it is currently Under Construction. Apologies for any inconvenience.
Featured Resource: Browse the Full Glossary List
How Systems of Oppression are Created and Maintained
Formula for Discussing Systems of Oppression
Some Common Prejudices
Sources of Discrimination
Tools of Fear
The Outcome of Passive or Active Aggression is Oppression
(...and many more)
i.e. kinship structures, family structures
i.e. political systems (social democracy, fascism), economic systems
i.e. John Birch Society, Heritage Foundation, Free Congress Foundation, Fox News, Tea Parties
i.e. Courts, Police, FBI
These can occur singly or in combinations. "defacto" means "in fact" or "in reality" while "dejure" means "in the law" or "done legally"
Unfair power & privilege maintained by social, cultural, economic, or political pressure (norms) create systems of oppression or even repression, violence, & murder.
These processes can produce acts of Passive or Active Aggression
is action sparked by fear that time is running out so authoritarian, coercive, or violent solutions are justified
Psychological & Sociological Mechanisms:
Social Cognition | Social Identity | Social Categorization | Ethnocentrism | Confirmation/Disconfirmation Bias | Social Dominance | Normalization | Peer Pressure | Intergroup Hostility | Projection | Exemplary Dualism | Subversion Panics | Interpersonal Aggression | Authoritarianism | Justification
Featured Website: Facing History and Ourselves
Core Elements of a Human Rights Framework
Building Human Rights
What are the Tools of Fear?
The tools of fear are a connected constellation of ideologies, frames, narratives, and processes used by demagogues who are mobilizing resentment, undermining democratic processes, and fomenting forms of authoritarian apocalyptic aggression ranging from discrimination to ethnoviolence to genocide.
About this Website
When reports of violent attacks on individuals, groups, or structures hit the headlines, pundits often shake their heads and say the perpetrators must by crazy and the acts make no sense. This is almost never true. Outdated social science and ignorance need to be replaced with a basic understanding of the concepts explained on these pages.
Why we do not use the terms "Hate Crimes," "Extremism," or "Cults" on this website
"Ethnoviolence" rather than "Hate Crimes"
"Fanaticism" rather than "Extremism"
"Totalist Groups" rather then "Cults"
Explore These Other Websites
Zinn Education Project
The bibliography resources are currently being expanded and properly formatted
Unearthing Research Roots
A scholarly review of the book Challenges to Equality: Poverty and Race in America edited by Chester Hartman noted that “Racial oppression and institutional discrimination in modern-day America is a real and all too tangible aspect of the social fabric.” This illustrates the language used in much scholarship in which Racial Prejudice, Racism, Racial Discrimination, and Racial Oppression are considered separate concepts that are related in a dynamic way.
Prejudice (Belief - an "ism")
I use the phrase "Relative Leverage" based on the idea that:
(RJ Rummel, Understanding Conflict and War, Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications). 
A popular way to discuss relative power in a society is to speak of "Leverage" and "Relative Leverage."
Prejudice (Belief) + Discrimination (Action) + Power (Leverage) = Oppression (Dynamic Outcome)
When We Started this Discussion
Back in 2001 Surina Khan and I, while at Political Research Associates, began to raise these confounding issues:
Chip Berlet and Surina Khan, 2001, "A Response to 'Digging Out of the White Trap' by Marian (Meck) Groot and Paul Marcus; both in Chester Hartman (Ed.), Challenges to Equality: Poverty and Race in America. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.
The phrase "the tools of fear" appears in "Tao Te Ching, #31" attributed to Lao Tzu.
[ http://www.tools-of-fear.net/get/index.php?title=Snakes_of_Sicily Beware the snakes of Sicily!]